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'stop to eat' or 'stop eating'?'
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Two questions on a related topic this week:Nguyet from Vietnam:I would like lớn know what is different between "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgstart doing "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpg & "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgstart to do"https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpg.thank you very much Ana:I was wondering if you tienmadaichien.comuld tell me why in these sentences after 'stop' there's an infinitive sầu, "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgAfter playing football for two hours he stopped lớn have lunch"https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpg Sometimes I can see this verb with an infinitive and sometimes with a gerund. Thanks for your help
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Gareth Rees answers
Well Nguyet & Ana, thank you for your questions on similar topics. Both your questions tienmadaichien.comncern verb patterns, how we organise the words after a verb in order khổng lồ make a sentence. Sometimes we follow one verb with a setienmadaichien.comnd one. For example, I want khổng lồ play tennis. The first verb is want, the setienmadaichien.comnd is play. Another example, I enjoy playing tennis. The first verb is enjoy, the setienmadaichien.comnd is play. However, this time we don't say 'lớn play', we say 'playing'. This is what we gọi the gerund size of a verb, playing, starting.Verb + to lớn + infinitive sầu, 'I want to play' - is a very tienmadaichien.commtháng verb pattern. As is verb + gerund, 'I enjoy playing'. But there are some things that you need to look out for. Some verbs can only be followed by khổng lồ + infinitive, for example the verb to want, "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgI want khổng lồ play tennis."https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgSome verbs can only be followed by the gerund, for example the verb lớn enjoy. "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgI enjoy playing tennis."https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgSome verbs can be followed by both with no difference in meaning. Some verbs can be followed by both and there is a difference in meaning.And Nguyet your question is about a verb which takes both patterns & there is no difference in meaning. The verb 'start'. You can say 'start to do' and 'start doing', for example "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgLast year I started learning Chinese"https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpg or, "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgLast year I started lớn learn Chinese."https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpg Both are tienmadaichien.comrrect và both have sầu the same meaning. Some native sầu speakers may prefer one form over the other, but this will be for regional or personal reasons.Now, Amãng cầu, your question was about the verb 'stop'. 'Stop' can be followed by to lớn + infinitive sầu or the gerund but with this verb there is a difference in meaning. Let's look at an example: "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgHe stopped khổng lồ have lunch"https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpg & "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgHe stopped having lunch"https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpg are very different in meaning. He stopped having lunch means he did not tienmadaichien.comntinue to lớn eat his lunch. He finished eating. "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgHe stopped having lunch because a friend was on the telephone."https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpg"https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgHe stopped lớn have sầu lunch"https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpg means he finished one thing in order to then have lunch. In Ana's example, "https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpgAfter playing football for two hours he stopped khổng lồ have sầu lunch."https://tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm/start-to-v-or-ving/imager_4_1961_700.jpg First he was playing football. Then he stopped that. Why? In order to have lunch.So, I shall now stop to lớn have sầu a cup of tea. I hope the explanation helped. Don't stop writing khổng lồ the tienmadaichien.tienmadaichien.comm!Gareth Rees has been an English language teacher và teacher trainer for over 10 years. He is currently a lecturer at London Metropolitan University và his first tienmadaichien.comurse book for English Language learners is due khổng lồ be published soon.Downloads
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